“Today the theory of evolution is about as much open to doubt as the theory that the earth goes round the sun.” – Richard Dawkins Atheist and English ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and writer.
“Evolutionary naturalism provides an account of our capacities that undermines their reliability, and in doing so undermines itself.” – Thomas Nagel Atheist and American philosopher, currently University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, Author of Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False.
In other words, if our mind and morals are simply the accidental products of a blind material process like natural selection acting on random genetic mistakes, what confidence can we have in them as routes to truth?
The basic philosophical critique of Darwinian evolution had been made before, perhaps most notably C.S. Lewis – author and Christian apologist, and Alvin Plantinga – American analytic philosopher, the John A. O’Brien Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of Notre Dame.
In the fall of 2012, the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project released results showing that much of so-called junk DNA actually performs biological functions. The ENCODE results overturned long-repeated claims by leading Darwinian biologists that most of the human genome is genetic garbage produced by a blind evolutionary process. At the same time, the results confirmed predictions made during the previous decade by scholars who think nature displays evidence of intelligent design.
These scientific discoveries as well as the philosophical arguments have gone to undermine Darwinian materialism.